English Phoneme Chart – Vocaloid1


The ‘Alternative phonemes’ column suggests related or possible alternative phonemes. A useful place to start when looking for alternative pronunciations.

The italic phonemes are ‘voiced/unvoiced equivalents’. For example, when a singer sings ‘liddle’ instead of ‘little’.

Use the key for more explanations.

This phoneme chart is specifically relevant English Vocaloid 1 products, but the info should apply to Vocaloid 2 and 3 also. The example words all assume a neutral english (British) accent.

Type Comment Example Words Alternative phonemes
Vowels and Diphthongs
@
Vowel Schwa aware, synthesis, harmony, the V, @r, Q@
V
Vowel unclean, cut,
duck
@, Q@
e
Vowel egg, them e@
I
Vowel it, synthesis i:, I@
i:
Vowel eat, beef, harmony I, I@
{
Vowel axe, trap aU
O:
Vowel ought, ball O@, U@, Q
Q
Vowel off, lot, O:, OI
U
Vowel put, look U@
u:
Vowel boot, view U@
@r
Diphthong (r-coloured) urge, bird, maker @, V
eI
Diphthong (j-coloured) age, date, pay e
aI
Diphthong (j-coloured) eye, died, buy @, V
OI
Diphthong (j-coloured) oil, choice, boy Q, O:, O@
@U
Diphthong (w-coloured) oat, soak, show @
aU
Diphthong (w-coloured) out, loud, cow {
I@
Diphthong ear, cheered, beer I, i:
e@
Diphthong air, shared, bare, aware e
U@
Diphthong ‘ure’ or ‘oo-er’ surely, poor, pure, you’re U, O:, O@, u:
O@
Diphthong or, sort, pour O:, Q
Q@
Diphthong (r-coloured) are, harmony, star @, V
Un-Voiced Consonants
p
Plossive spit, top ph b
t
Plossive stuck, pit th d
k
Plossive sky, rock kh g
tS
Affricate chat, thatcher, touch dZ
f
Fricative feel, offer, beef v
T
Fricative think, synthesis, bath D
s
Fricative synthesis z
S
Fricative share, washer, ash Z
h
Fricative hat, harmony,
ph
Plossive Aspiration pat p bh
th
Plossive Aspiration tap t dh
kh
Plossive Aspiration kiss k gh
Voiced Consonants
w
Glide way, aware
j
Glide yell, huge, pure
b
Plossive rob, cabinet bh p
d
Plossive bad, radar dh t
dZ
Affricate jeans, reject, page tS
v
Fricative vote, liver, save f
D
Fricative their, the, other T
z
Fricative zoom, resort, boys s
Z
Fricative Asia, rouge, beige S
m
Nasal mind, harmony, dim
n
Nasal night, synthesis, harmony, man
N
Nasal hunger, sting
r
Liquid rancid, arrow
l
Liquid fly, feel l0
g
Plossive jogging, bag gh k
bh
Plossive Aspiration big b ph
dh
Plossive Aspiration dog d th
gh
Plossive Aspiration god g kh
l0
Liquid Aspiration
type l – 0 (number not letter)
list l

 

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